Personal Protective Equipment(PPE)

Personal protective equipment – masks, goggles, gloves and gowns – shield medical workers against viral or bacterial infection from blood, body fluids, respiratory secretions and excretions from patients.
Though the eyes, nose and mouth require special protection, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says gloves and gowns are the most-used articles of PPE.


Gowns and aprons are coverings used to protect the body and clothing from fluids and other infectious substances. There are many types of gowns, and the type of gown required will depend on the level of protection needed.


Gloves are used to protect the wearer’s hands from bodily fluids and contamination. There are three main types of gloves; sterile, non-sterile and reusable utility gloves.

N95 respirator

Respirators are a type of mask that covers the mouth and nose with a tight seal. If worn correctly, they filter the air to prevent the transmission of airborne infectious agents. Respirators come in two main types: surgical and non-surgical.

Surgical masks

Surgical masks are disposable masks that cover the mouth and nose of the wearer. They act as a physical barrier to prevent transmission of droplets and fluid.

Reusable cloth masks

Reusable cloth masks cover the nose and mouth and can be washed and reused multiple times. They are sometimes called utility masks, cloth masks or fabric masks, and come in various styles.

Face shields/Visors

Face shields, or visors, are a thin sheet of plastic that is designed to cover the whole face. Face shields protect the eyes and face from large droplets and splashes of body fluids.


Surgical goggles and eyewear shield the wearer’s eyes from bodily fluids and large droplets. They have side shields to provide additional protection for the eyes.

Hand Sanitizer

Hand sanitisers contain ingredients that kill microorganisms on the skin. The two most common hand sanitisers are ethanol hand sanitisers and isopropyl alcohol hand sanitisers.